District Profile

Major farming systems/enterprises (based on the analysis made by the KVK)

 

Sl. No Farming system/enterprise – Paddy based farming system/Vermicompost, Mushroom, Piggery, Poultry, Fishery etc.
1. Mixed farming system – Paddy-cum-Fish and poultry, Paddy-cum-Fish and cattle
2. Rice based farming system – Paddy-Jute-Paddy, Potato-Jute-Paddy, Potato-Vegetables-Paddy.
3. Livestock based farming system –
4. Pond based farming system

2.2 Description of Agro-climatic Zone & major agro ecological situations (based on soil and topography)

 

S.

No

Agro-climatic Zone Characteristics
1 Terai Region The district is located in the Sub-Himalayan plains and belonging to the Terai-Agro climatic zone of West Bengal. Out of 3345 sq. km geographical area of the district, 2353 sq km (70.3% of geographical area) is under cultivation. The district experiences a typical sub-tropical prehumid climate with high annual rainfall (higher than 3000 mm), high relative humidity (avg. max. & min. of 95 & 65%, respectively) and moderate temp. (avg. max. & min. of 31 and 11 0C, respectively). High ground water table vis-à-vis high residual soil moisture and the prolonged winter (extending from Nov to March) are found to be favourable factors contributing to successful raising of a good number of Rabi crops even under late sown condition during winter months with or without irrigation. Despite the district is favourably exposed to rainfall the occasional short dry spell in salient growth stages (PI, Flowering, etc.) significantly affects the yields of rainfed crops in Kharif season, while occurrence of pre-monsoon showers with high intensity causing heavy yield loss of Pre-Kharif crops is also recorded. About 28% of net sown area of the district has been brought under irrigation while vast ground water resource is yet untapped.

 

S.

No

Agro ecological situation Characteristics
1 Based on major river basin, soil characteristic and meteorological parameters three major agro-ecological situation prevails in the district

 

1.   Torsa-Kaljani Basin (AES-I) – Consists of basin of river Torsa, Ghargharia, Gadhadhar, Raidak and Kaljani etc. The basin comprises of six Blocks – Cooch Behar-I & II, Tufanganj I & II and Dinhata- I & II.

2.   Mansai Basin (AES-II) – All blocks (Mathabhanga I & II, Sitalkuchi and Sitai) of this AES fall under the basin of river Mansai.

3. Teesta Basin (AES-III) – Blocks viz. Mekhliganj and Haldibari fall under the basin of river Teesta.

Topographically the district is a level plain with gentle slope towards the South-East.  Soils of the district are formed by alluvial deposition of different river system eg. Torsa, Kaljani, Mansai, Teesta, Raidak, Gadadhar and Sankosh.  Through out the district the soil is mainly sandy loam in texture.  Some heavy soil is found in between Mora Torsa and Ghargharia rivers in small pocket only.  Depth of soil ranges from 0.15 to 1 m.

        Source: SREP, Cooch Behar district, ATMA, Cooch Behar

Soil type/s

 

Sl. No Soil type Characteristics Area (ha)
1. Sandy Very poor in fertility status (NPK status very low, medium in Organic C status, acidic in reaction and deficient in Ca, Mg, Zn, B and Mo), water holding capacity is very poor. 51138
2. Sandy loam Usually poor in fertility status (NK status usually low, P status low to medium whereas Organic C status is usually at higher side, acidic in reaction and deficient in Ca, Mg, Zn, B and Mo), water holding capacity is poor. 149249
3. Loamy Poor to medium in fertility status (N status usually low, medium in P status whereas K status usually medium to low and deficient in Ca, Mg, Zn, B and Mo), water holding capacity is medium. 34441
4. Sandy clay loam 12537

      Source: PAO office, Cooch Behar

 

2.4. Area, Production and Productivity of major crops cultivated in the district (2013-14)

 

Sl. No. Crop Area (ha) Production (q) Productivity (q/ha)
1. Aus Paddy 50000 1362500 27.25
2. Aman Paddy 217000 5316500 24.50
3. Jute 80000 1440000 18.00
4. Boro Paddy 35000 999600 28.56
5. Wheat 10500 346500 33.00
6. Winter Potato 60000 16500000 275.00
7. Tobacco
a) Rustica
b) Viginia
10000
1000
111000

15500

11.10
15.50
8. Rabi Maize 7000 560000 80.00
9. Oilseed
a) Mustard
b) Linseed
c) Niger
d) Groundnut
40000
1450
1900
200
400000
9425
14440
2000
10.00
6.50
7.60
10.0
10. Pulses
a) Arhar (Tur)
b) Rabi Mung
c) Summer Mung
d) Rabi Mash
e) Musur (Lentil)
f) Khesari
g) Motor (Pea)
h) Kulthi
100
200
160
3500
2300
2700
600
60
900
1500
720
26250
13800
22950
3600
390
9.00
7.50
4.50
7.50
6.00
8.50
6.00
6.50
11. Sugarcane 155 99200 640.00
12. Winter Vegetables 25000 275000 110.00
13. Chili 8000 1200000 150.00
14. Ginger 550 14850 27.00

2.5. Weather data

 

Month Rainfall (mm) Temperature 0C Relative Humidity (%)
Maximum Minimum Maximum Minimum
April, 2014
May, 2014
June, 2014
July, 2014 (21st-31st) 17.25 33.25 26.38 89.00 90.00
Aug., 2014 185.9 31.00 25.70 95.29 72.93
Sept., 2014 327.0 31.17 24.50 96.00 68.56
Oct., 2014 18.75 31.27 21.00 96.00 54.03
Nov., 2014 0.0 28.67 16.50 96.60 49.23
Dec., 2014 0.75 24.42 11.6 98.20 51.68
Jan., 2015 26.5 22.67 10.71 99.23 55.39
Feb., 2015 8.0 25.47 12.23 100.0 47.57
March, 2015 51.5 29.12 16.40 99.87 45.19
Total 635.65        

Source: KVK, Cooch Behar

 

  • Production and productivity of livestock, poultry, fisheries etc. in the district (2013-14)

 

Category Population Production Productivity
Livestock :
a. Cattle
Crossbred 80523
Indigenous 877692
b. Buffalo 4924
c. Sheep
Crossbred 881
Indigenous 61234
d. Goats 531123
e. Pigs      
Crossbred 3786
Indigenous 16203
f. Rabbits 766
Poultry :
Hen      
Desi 996483
Improved 352761
Duck 341254
Turkey and others
Fishery :
Category Area Production Productivity
Fish
Marine
Inland
Prawn
Scampi
Shrimp

2.7          Details of operational area / villages (2014-15)

 

Sl.

No

Taluk Name of the block Name of the village Major crops & enterprises Major problem identified Identified Thrust Areas
1. Dhangdhin-guri Cooch Behar-II West Dhangdhin-guri •   Aman paddy

•   Boro paddy

•   Maize

•   Jute

•   Potato

•   Wheat

•   Cauliflower

•   Cabbage

•   Tomato

•   Brinjal

•   Chilli

•   Cattle

•   Goat

•   Poultry birds &

•   Duck

•   Poor soil quality and productivity

•    Low productivity of medium and low land kharif rice

•    Low profitability of jute in medium and upland situations

•    Instability in production of potato, tomato, chilli.

•    Poor profitability of vegetables like tomato, brinjal, cabbage etc.

•    Low productivity of wheat, mustard and pulses

•    Low productivity of dairy cattle

•    Low profitability in fresh water fish culture

•    Low productivity of egg in backyard poultry

•    Lack of agro-based industry

 

· Management of soil against poor quality and productivity

· Quality seed production of rice, wheat, mustard, potato and turmeric

· Management of kharif rice in medium and low land situation

· Production and quality management of jute in medium and upland situation

· Management of potato, tomato & chilli against diseases

· Promotion and management of off-season, early and late vegetable cultivation

· Management of wheat, mustard and pulses in medium and upland situation

· Extension of area under oilseeds (mustard) and pulses (blackgram and lentil)

· Feed enrichment; reproductive, disease and hygiene management in dairy cattle

· Promotion and popularization of fodder crops

· Management of small and medium size pond

· Breed replacement, disease and hygiene management in backyard poultry

· Socio-economic empowerment of rural women through, mushroom production, backyard poultry, duckery, goatery and nutritional garden

· Entrepreneurship development of rural youth through floriculture, protective cultivation, small scale piggery, nursery management, value addition and organic manure production.

2. Baneswar Cooch Behar-II Dhaloguri,

Gopalpur

3. Patlakhawa Cooch

Behar-II

Khagribari
4. Rajarhat Cooch Behar-II Tangonmari, Jatrapur, Rasher kuthi
5. Chilkirhat Cooch Behar-I Dhumpur Moynaguri,

Kankanguri,

6. Kachakhawa Matha

bhanga-I

Moranga-

bazar